Planting Options


Plants / Flowers

RosemaryRosmarinus officinalis, commonly known as rosemary, is a woody, perennial herb with fragrant, evergreen, needle-like leaves and white, pink, purple, or blue flowers, native to the Mediterranean region. Rosemary is reasonably hardy in cool climates; and can also withstand droughts. Rosemary is used as a decorative plant in gardens where it may have pest control effects
PortulacaA truly beautiful low growing ground cover type plant is called the portulaca (Portulaca grandiflora), or sometimes known as the sun rose or moss rose. Portulaca plants are native to Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay.
Verbena bonariensisVerbena bonariensis (purpletop) is a member of the verbena family cultivated as a flowering annual or herbaceous perennial plant.
It is native to tropical South America where it grows throughout most of the warm regions, from Colombia and Brazil to Argentina and Chile.
MyoporumMyoporum parvifolium 'Pink' (Pink Groundcover Myoporum) - This is a very low growing, trailing dense evergreen groundcover that grows to 6 inches tall and spreads to 5 feet or more. It has well-branched stems with closely spaced leaves and pink flowers that form in clusters at the tips of the branches in the summer. It is drought and seaside tolerant and is hardy to about 20 degrees F.
Vinca minor (common periwinkle)Versatile ground cover. Good cover for bulb beds. Effective on slopes or banks to stabilize soils and prevent erosion. Easily grown in average, dry to medium, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. Tolerates full shade. Prefers moist, humusy soils in part shade. Plant 12-18" apart to cover large areas.
LantanaLantana is a genus of about 150 species of perennial flowering plants in the verbena family, Verbenaceae. They are native to tropical regions of the Americas and Africa.
BougainvilleaBougainvillea is a genus of thorny ornamental vines, bushes, and trees with flower-like spring leaves near its flowers. Bougainvillea are popular ornamental plants in most areas with warm climates.
Pelargonium peltatum
(Ivy Geranium)
It is native to southern Africa and is commonly grown as an ornamental plant. This is a subshrub, its branches can prostrate, spreading, trailing, or climbing. The thin, somewhat succulent leaves are peltate, their petioles attached at the middle of the ivy-shaped leaf blades.
May be harmful to dogs.
Known as a low flammability plant.
Drosanthemum hispidum
(Rosea ice plant)
It is a genus of succulent plants in the ice plant family native to the winter-rainfall regions of southern Africa. Most species bear colorful flowers.
The name Drosanthemum means "Dew-flower" in Greek, and refers to the characteristic shiny translucent papillae, which cover the succulent leaves and flower buds.
Succulent plantsSucculents or water storage plants, are plants that have some parts that are more than normally thickened and fleshy, usually to retain water in arid climates or soil conditions. The word "succulent" comes from the Latin word sucus, meaning juice, or sap.
The habitats of these water preserving plants are often in areas with high temperatures and low rainfall. Succulents have the ability to thrive on limited water sources, such as mist and dew, which makes them equipped to survive in an ecosystem which contains scarce water sources.
CactiCacti occur in a wide range of shapes and sizes. Most cacti live in habitats subject to at least some drought. Many live in extremely dry environments, even being found in the Atacama Desert, one of the driest places on earth. Cacti show many adaptations to conserve water. Almost all cacti are succulents, meaning they have thickened, fleshy parts adapted to store water.


RosemaryRosmarinus officinalis, commonly known as rosemary, is a woody, perennial herb with fragrant, evergreen, needle-like leaves and white, pink, purple, or blue flowers, native to the Mediterranean region. Rosemary is reasonably hardy in cool climates; and can also withstand droughts. Rosemary is used as a decorative plant in gardens where it may have pest control effects
ThymeThyme is an evergreen herb with culinary, medicinal, and ornamental uses. The most common variety is Thymus vulgaris.
OreganoOregano is a perennial herb, with opposite leaves. The flowers are purple, produced in erect spikes. It is sometimes called wild marjoram. It prefers a hot, relatively dry climate, but does well in other environments.
MarjoramIt is a somewhat cold-sensitive perennial herb or undershrub with sweet pine and citrus flavors. Leaves are smooth, simple, petiolated, ovate to oblong-ovate. The texture is extremely smooth due to the presence of numerous hairs.
BasilBasil, also called great basil or Saint-Joseph's-wort, is a culinary herb of the family Lamiaceae (mints). It is also called the "king of herbs" and the "royal herb". While most common varieties of basil are treated as annuals, some are perennial in warm, tropical climates, including holy basil.
SageSalvia officinalis (Sage) is a perennial, evergreen subshrub, with woody stems, grayish leaves, and blue to purplish flowers. It is a member of the mint family and native to the Mediterranean region, though it has naturalized in many places throughout the world. It has a long history of medicinal and culinary use, and in modern times as an ornamental garden plant.
ChivesChives is the common name of Allium schoenoprasum, an edible species of the Allium genus.

A perennial plant, it is widespread in nature across much of Europe, Asia, and North America. Chives have insect-repelling properties that can be used in gardens to control pests.

Fruits / Vegetables

StrawberriesStrawberries are popular and rewarding plants to grow in the domestic environment, be it for consumption or exhibition purposes, almost anywhere in the world. The best time to plant is in late summer or spring. Plant in full sun or dappled shade, and in somewhat sandy soil. The addition of manure and a balanced fertilizer aids strong growth.
TomatoesNumerous varieties of tomato are widely grown in temperate climates across the world. The plants have a weak stem that often sprawls over the ground and vines over other plants. It is a perennial in its native habitat, and grown as an annual in temperate climates.

Popular California native planting options:

Abronia maritime (Coastal)Abronia maritima is a species of sand verbena known by the common name red sand verbena. This is a beach-adapted perennial plant native to the coastlines of southern California, including the Channel Islands, and northern Baja California.
Abronia villosa (Inland)Abronia villosa is a species of sand-verbena known by the common name desert sand-verbena. It is native to the deserts of the southwestern United States and northern Mexico and the southern California and Baja coast.
Adenostoma fasciculatum (Coastal/Inland) Adenostoma fasciculatum (chamise or greasewood) is a flowering plant native to California and northern Baja California. This shrub is one of the most widespread plants of the chaparral biome. Adenostoma fasciculatum is an evergreen shrub growing to 4m tall, with dry-looking stick-like branches. The leaves are small, 4–10 mm long and 1mm broad with a pointed apex, and sprout in clusters from the branches.
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (Coastal/Inland) Arctostaphylos uva-ursi is a plant species of the genus Arctostaphylos (manzanita). Its common names include kinnikinnick and pinemat manzanita, and it is one of several related species referred to as bearberry.
Arctostaphylos edmundsii (Coastal/Inland) Arctostaphylos edmundsii, with the common name Little Sur manzanita, is a species of manzanita. This shrub is endemic to California where it grows on the coastal bluffs of Monterey County.
Arctostaphylos hookeri (Coastal/Inland) Arctostaphylos hookeri is a species of manzanita known by the common name Hooker's manzanita. Arctostaphylos hookeri is a low shrub which is variable in appearance and has several subspecies. The Arctostaphylos hookeri shrub is endemic to California where its native range extends from the coastal San Francisco Bay Area to the Central Coast.
Baccharis pilularis (Coastal/Inland)Baccharis pilularis, called Coyote Brush, Chaparral Broom, and Bush Baccharis, is a shrub in the Asteraceae that grows in California, Oregon, Baja California, and New Mexico. The plants are found in a variety of habitats, from coastal bluffs, oak woodlands, and grasslands, including hillsides and canyons, below 2,000 feet (610 m).
Ceanothus (Coastal/Inland)Ceanothus is a genus of about 50–60 species of shrubs or small trees in the family Rhamnaceae. The genus is confined to North America, with the center of its distribution in California. The majority of the species are evergreen, but the handful of species adapted to cold winters are deciduous.
Ceanothus hearstiorum (Coastal/Inland)Ceanothus hearstiorum is a species of flowering shrub known by the common names Hearst Ranch buckbrush and Hearst's ceanothus. This Ceanothus is endemic to California, where it grows wild only on the hilly coastline of San Luis Obispo County.
Dudleya pulverulenta (Coastal)Dudleya pulverulenta is a succulent plant known by the common names chalk lettuce, chalk dudleya, and chalk liveforever. This dudleya is native to the southwestern United States and northern Mexico, where it is found in steep open rocky areas in coastal and inland mountains and desert foothills, such as the Santa Monica Mountains.
Lessingia filaginifolia (Coastal/Inland) Lessingia filaginifolia, a dicot, is a perennial herb that is native to California and is found only slightly beyond California borders. It’s habitat is coastal and dunes. It needs very little water, can take full sun exposure and is also very winter hardy.
Salvia (Inland) Salvia is the largest genus of plants in the mint family, Lamiaceae, with approximately 700–900 species of shrubs, herbaceous perennials, and annuals. It is one of several genera commonly referred to as sage. Salvia species include annual, biennial, or perennial herbs, along with woody subshrubs.
Salvia Mellifera (Coastal/Inland) Salvia mellifera (Black sage) is a small, highly aromatic, evergreen shrub of the genus Salvia (the sages) native to California, and Baja California, Mexico. It is common in the coastal sage scrub of Southern California and northern Baja California and lower chaparral plant communities.
Salvia munzii (Coastal/Inland)Salvia munzii is a species of sage known by the common name Munz's sage (named for California botanist Philip A. Munz). It is native to northern Baja California, Mexico, and it can be found in a few locations just north of the border in San Diego County, California.
Verbena lilacina / De La Mina Verbena (Coastal) A drought tolerant California native, it attracts butterflies and is perfect for planting in natural gardens and meadows. Beautiful in borders or tucked into window boxes, hanging baskets, or containers. Evergreen.

Printable version: Verdura® native planting